The problem of evil in Judaism is a long debated and controversial topic that has received much attention and many attempts at solutions through the ages. The problem of evil Judaism is perhaps unique to other religions because the Jewish people have throughout history been the bearers of much suffering through events like their slavery in Egypt, the Exodus and 40 year wandering in the desert, the destruction of the temple, decline and eventual loss of Israel, their status as targets for discrimination in Europe, and the Holocaust. Due to this history, the problem is approached very differently than in Christianity or Islam because almost all Jewish philosophy on the subject has a focus on understanding the occurrences that are considered central to the Jewish people’s history, like the book of Job and the Holocaust. The Jewish theodicy is unique because these two events consist of so much suffering, misfortune, and evil and are very much a part of the Jewish experience. A great deal has been written involving the book of Job and the Holocaust as it relates to Judaism. The theodicy laid down in the Book of Job has continued all the way to modern times. It is primarily a theodicy that does not wholly concern itself with the origin or problem of evil, but how to properly respond to such evil.