QUESTION 1 1. A study that compares the prevalence of high blood pressure among current Massachusetts Turnpike toll booth collectors with the current prevalence of high blood pressure of current Turnpike office workers. What type of study is this? a. Case report b. Case series c. Cohort study d. Cross-sectional study 1.7 points QUESTION 2 1. A strength of BOTH cross-sectional and an ecological studies is: a. good for early stage of knowledge b. good for individual- level effects c. temporal sequence is maintained d. exposure and effect occur in the same person 1.7 points QUESTION 3 1. The Health Professionals Cohort Study began in 2005 in order to evaluate a series of hypotheses about men’s health relating nutritional factors to the incidence of serious illnesses such as cancer, heart disease, and other vascular diseases. Every two years, members of the study will receive surveys with questions about diseases and health-related topics like smoking, physical activity, and medications taken. The surveys that ask detailed dietary information will be administered in four-year intervals. What kind of cohort study is this? a. Retrospective b. Prospective c. Ambidirectional 1.6 points QUESTION 4 1. An analysis that includes all subjects who were randomized to the treatment and comparison groups, regardless of whether they received or completed their assigned study protocol. a. Run-in period b. Efficacy Analysis c. Comparability d. Intent-to-treat analysis 1.7 points QUESTION 5 1. What is the primary objective of any case-control or cohort study? a. A well-designed experimental study. b. Accurate randomization of the intervention. c. Adjustment for the time sequence of events. d. A valid result. 1.7 points QUESTION 6 1. Which study design is most appropriate to study multiple outcomes from a single exposure? a. Cross-sectional b. Cohort c. Case-control d. Ecological 1.7 points QUESTION 7 1. A case-control study is most efficient design for studying the health effects of rare exposures. True False 1.6 points QUESTION 8 1. The ecological fallacy states that associations seen on the group level will not necessarily be present on the individual level. True False 1.6 points QUESTION 9 1. A major advantage of a randomized clinical trial is that it rules out self-selection of patients to the different treatment groups. True False 1.6 points QUESTION 10 1. An experimental study was conducted among adults with Type 2 diabetes in order to determine if a new medication was more effective in reducing blood glucose levels than the currently used medication. What type of experimental study is this? a. Individual preventive b. Individual therapeutic c. Community preventive d. Community therapeutic 1.7 points QUESTION 11 1. Which of the following techniques used in experimental studies can be directly applied in cohort studies (choose all that apply)? a. Randomization b. Placebos c. Blinding d. Run-in period 1.7 points QUESTION 12 1. A study was done to determine whether the amount of money spent on soft drinks was related to mortality from diabetes. The investigators collected data on per capita (average per person) soft drink consumption in ten US states and examined its relationship to mortality rates from diabetes in those ten states. In order to calculate per capita sales they gathered annual data on soft drink sales from commerce records and then divided these figures by the state’s population from the most recent census. The mortality data were gathered from the vital records department in each state. What type of study is this? a. Ecological Study b. Case-control study c. Cross-sectional study d. Cohort study 1.7 points QUESTION 13 1. What sources can be used to identify controls for a case-control study? a. General population b. Hospital/clinic patients c. Friends and relatives d. All of the above 1.7 points QUESTION 14 1. When is it desirable to use a case-control study (choose all that apply)? a. When the disease is rare b. When little is known about the disease c. When the disease has a short latent period 1.7 points QUESTION 15 1. What is the purpose of the control group in a case-control study? a. To provide information on the disease distribution in the population that gave rise to the cases b. To provide information on the exposure distribution in the population that gave rise to the cases

Differentiate between personal and social barriers. List, explain, and give examples of the six barriers to success. Explain and give examples of each of the four combinations of prejudice and discrimination. Discuss the strategies for overcoming diversity barriers. Label your document "M4 Quiz and submit it through the assignment link.
December 31, 2019
Write an essay analyzing marriage
December 31, 2019

QUESTION 1 1. A study that compares the prevalence of high blood pressure among current Massachusetts Turnpike toll booth collectors with the current prevalence of high blood pressure of current Turnpike office workers. What type of study is this? a. Case report b. Case series c. Cohort study d. Cross-sectional study 1.7 points QUESTION 2 1. A strength of BOTH cross-sectional and an ecological studies is: a. good for early stage of knowledge b. good for individual- level effects c. temporal sequence is maintained d. exposure and effect occur in the same person 1.7 points QUESTION 3 1. The Health Professionals Cohort Study began in 2005 in order to evaluate a series of hypotheses about men’s health relating nutritional factors to the incidence of serious illnesses such as cancer, heart disease, and other vascular diseases. Every two years, members of the study will receive surveys with questions about diseases and health-related topics like smoking, physical activity, and medications taken. The surveys that ask detailed dietary information will be administered in four-year intervals. What kind of cohort study is this? a. Retrospective b. Prospective c. Ambidirectional 1.6 points QUESTION 4 1. An analysis that includes all subjects who were randomized to the treatment and comparison groups, regardless of whether they received or completed their assigned study protocol. a. Run-in period b. Efficacy Analysis c. Comparability d. Intent-to-treat analysis 1.7 points QUESTION 5 1. What is the primary objective of any case-control or cohort study? a. A well-designed experimental study. b. Accurate randomization of the intervention. c. Adjustment for the time sequence of events. d. A valid result. 1.7 points QUESTION 6 1. Which study design is most appropriate to study multiple outcomes from a single exposure? a. Cross-sectional b. Cohort c. Case-control d. Ecological 1.7 points QUESTION 7 1. A case-control study is most efficient design for studying the health effects of rare exposures. True False 1.6 points QUESTION 8 1. The ecological fallacy states that associations seen on the group level will not necessarily be present on the individual level. True False 1.6 points QUESTION 9 1. A major advantage of a randomized clinical trial is that it rules out self-selection of patients to the different treatment groups. True False 1.6 points QUESTION 10 1. An experimental study was conducted among adults with Type 2 diabetes in order to determine if a new medication was more effective in reducing blood glucose levels than the currently used medication. What type of experimental study is this? a. Individual preventive b. Individual therapeutic c. Community preventive d. Community therapeutic 1.7 points QUESTION 11 1. Which of the following techniques used in experimental studies can be directly applied in cohort studies (choose all that apply)? a. Randomization b. Placebos c. Blinding d. Run-in period 1.7 points QUESTION 12 1. A study was done to determine whether the amount of money spent on soft drinks was related to mortality from diabetes. The investigators collected data on per capita (average per person) soft drink consumption in ten US states and examined its relationship to mortality rates from diabetes in those ten states. In order to calculate per capita sales they gathered annual data on soft drink sales from commerce records and then divided these figures by the state’s population from the most recent census. The mortality data were gathered from the vital records department in each state. What type of study is this? a. Ecological Study b. Case-control study c. Cross-sectional study d. Cohort study 1.7 points QUESTION 13 1. What sources can be used to identify controls for a case-control study? a. General population b. Hospital/clinic patients c. Friends and relatives d. All of the above 1.7 points QUESTION 14 1. When is it desirable to use a case-control study (choose all that apply)? a. When the disease is rare b. When little is known about the disease c. When the disease has a short latent period 1.7 points QUESTION 15 1. What is the purpose of the control group in a case-control study? a. To provide information on the disease distribution in the population that gave rise to the cases b. To provide information on the exposure distribution in the population that gave rise to the cases

QUESTION 1

  1. A study that compares the prevalence of high blood pressure among current Massachusetts Turnpike toll booth collectors with the current prevalence of high blood pressure of current Turnpike office workers. What type of study is this?
  a. Case report
  b. Case series
  c. Cohort study
  d. Cross-sectional study
1.7 points     QUESTION 2
  1. A strength of BOTH cross-sectional and an ecological studies is:
  a. good for early stage of knowledge
  b. good for individual- level effects
  c. temporal sequence is maintained
  d. exposure and effect occur in the same person
1.7 points     QUESTION 3
  1. The Health Professionals Cohort Study began in 2005 in order to evaluate a series of hypotheses about men’s health relating nutritional factors to the incidence of serious illnesses such as cancer, heart disease, and other vascular diseases. Every two years, members of the study will receive surveys with questions about diseases and health-related topics like smoking, physical activity, and medications taken. The surveys that ask detailed dietary information will be administered in four-year intervals. What kind of cohort study is this?
  a. Retrospective
  b. Prospective
  c. Ambidirectional
1.6 points     QUESTION 4
  1. An analysis that includes all subjects who were randomized to the treatment and comparison groups, regardless of whether they received or completed their assigned study protocol.
  a. Run-in period
  b. Efficacy Analysis
  c. Comparability
  d. Intent-to-treat analysis
1.7 points     QUESTION 5
  1. What is the primary objective of any case-control or cohort study?
  a. A well-designed experimental study.
  b. Accurate randomization of the intervention.
  c. Adjustment for the time sequence of events.
  d. A valid result.
1.7 points     QUESTION 6
  1. Which study design is most appropriate to study multiple outcomes from a single exposure?
  a. Cross-sectional
  b. Cohort
  c. Case-control
  d. Ecological
1.7 points     QUESTION 7
  1. A case-control study is most efficient design for studying the health effects of rare exposures.
True False 1.6 points     QUESTION 8
  1. The ecological fallacy states that associations seen on the group level will not necessarily be present on the individual level.
True False 1.6 points     QUESTION 9
  1. A major advantage of a randomized clinical trial is that it rules out self-selection of patients to the different treatment groups.
True False 1.6 points     QUESTION 10
  1. An experimental study was conducted among adults with Type 2 diabetes in order to determine if a new medication was more effective in reducing blood glucose levels than the currently used medication. What type of experimental study is this?
  a. Individual preventive
  b. Individual therapeutic
  c. Community preventive
  d. Community therapeutic
1.7 points     QUESTION 11
  1. Which of the following techniques used in experimental studies can be directly applied in cohort studies (choose all that apply)?
  a. Randomization
  b. Placebos
  c. Blinding
  d. Run-in period
1.7 points     QUESTION 12
  1. A study was done to determine whether the amount of money spent on soft drinks was related to mortality from diabetes. The investigators collected data on per capita (average per person) soft drink consumption in ten US states and examined its relationship to mortality rates from diabetes in those ten states. In order to calculate per capita sales they gathered annual data on soft drink sales from commerce records and then divided these figures by the state’s population from the most recent census. The mortality data were gathered from the vital records department in each state. What type of study is this?
  a. Ecological Study
  b. Case-control study
  c. Cross-sectional study
  d. Cohort study
1.7 points     QUESTION 13
  1. What sources can be used to identify controls for a case-control study?
  a. General population
  b. Hospital/clinic patients
  c. Friends and relatives
  d. All of the above
1.7 points     QUESTION 14
  1. When is it desirable to use a case-control study (choose all that apply)?
  a. When the disease is rare
  b. When little is known about the disease
  c. When the disease has a short latent period
1.7 points     QUESTION 15
  1. What is the purpose of the control group in a case-control study?
  a. To provide information on the disease distribution in the population that gave rise to the cases
  b. To provide information on the exposure distribution in the population that gave rise to the cases
 

QUESTION 1

  1. A study that compares the prevalence of high blood pressure among current Massachusetts Turnpike toll booth collectors with the current prevalence of high blood pressure of current Turnpike office workers. What type of study is this?
  a. Case report
  b. Case series
  c. Cohort study
  d. Cross-sectional study

1.7 points    

QUESTION 2

  1. A strength of BOTH cross-sectional and an ecological studies is:
  a. good for early stage of knowledge
  b. good for individual- level effects
  c. temporal sequence is maintained
  d. exposure and effect occur in the same person

1.7 points    

QUESTION 3

  1. The Health Professionals Cohort Study began in 2005 in order to evaluate a series of hypotheses about men’s health relating nutritional factors to the incidence of serious illnesses such as cancer, heart disease, and other vascular diseases. Every two years, members of the study will receive surveys with questions about diseases and health-related topics like smoking, physical activity, and medications taken. The surveys that ask detailed dietary information will be administered in four-year intervals. What kind of cohort study is this?
  a. Retrospective
  b. Prospective
  c. Ambidirectional

1.6 points    

QUESTION 4

  1. An analysis that includes all subjects who were randomized to the treatment and comparison groups, regardless of whether they received or completed their assigned study protocol.
  a. Run-in period
  b. Efficacy Analysis
  c. Comparability
  d. Intent-to-treat analysis

1.7 points    

QUESTION 5

  1. What is the primary objective of any case-control or cohort study?
  a. A well-designed experimental study.
  b. Accurate randomization of the intervention.
  c. Adjustment for the time sequence of events.
  d. A valid result.

1.7 points    

QUESTION 6

  1. Which study design is most appropriate to study multiple outcomes from a single exposure?
  a. Cross-sectional
  b. Cohort
  c. Case-control
  d. Ecological

1.7 points    

QUESTION 7

  1. A case-control study is most efficient design for studying the health effects of rare exposures.

True

False

1.6 points    

QUESTION 8

  1. The ecological fallacy states that associations seen on the group level will not necessarily be present on the individual level.

True

False

1.6 points    

QUESTION 9

  1. A major advantage of a randomized clinical trial is that it rules out self-selection of patients to the different treatment groups.

True

False

1.6 points    

QUESTION 10

  1. An experimental study was conducted among adults with Type 2 diabetes in order to determine if a new medication was more effective in reducing blood glucose levels than the currently used medication. What type of experimental study is this?
  a. Individual preventive
  b. Individual therapeutic
  c. Community preventive
  d. Community therapeutic

1.7 points    

QUESTION 11

  1. Which of the following techniques used in experimental studies can be directly applied in cohort studies (choose all that apply)?
  a. Randomization
  b. Placebos
  c. Blinding
  d. Run-in period

1.7 points    

QUESTION 12

  1. A study was done to determine whether the amount of money spent on soft drinks was related to mortality from diabetes. The investigators collected data on per capita (average per person) soft drink consumption in ten US states and examined its relationship to mortality rates from diabetes in those ten states. In order to calculate per capita sales they gathered annual data on soft drink sales from commerce records and then divided these figures by the state’s population from the most recent census. The mortality data were gathered from the vital records department in each state. What type of study is this?
  a. Ecological Study
  b. Case-control study
  c. Cross-sectional study
  d. Cohort study

1.7 points    

QUESTION 13

  1. What sources can be used to identify controls for a case-control study?
  a. General population
  b. Hospital/clinic patients
  c. Friends and relatives
  d. All of the above

1.7 points    

QUESTION 14

  1. When is it desirable to use a case-control study (choose all that apply)?
  a. When the disease is rare
  b. When little is known about the disease
  c. When the disease has a short latent period

1.7 points    

QUESTION 15

  1. What is the purpose of the control group in a case-control study?
  a. To provide information on the disease distribution in the population that gave rise to the cases
  b. To provide information on the exposure distribution in the population that gave rise to the cases

 


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