You may have noticed that you have natural highs and lows throughout the day. Thinking about your own 90-minute cycle and how it may relate to yourself and learning, how would you prepare yourself for taking a big test in your course/class at the end of the day?

Emphasize on the most, and how it is important to focus on this in order to stay on task at work
February 23, 2020
http://search.ebscohost.com.proxy.chamberlain.edu:8080/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rzh&AN=2010620411&site=ehost-live What is the purpose of this research?
February 23, 2020

You may have noticed that you have natural highs and lows throughout the day. Thinking about your own 90-minute cycle and how it may relate to yourself and learning, how would you prepare yourself for taking a big test in your course/class at the end of the day?

Section 1.4 of the textbook describes circadian rhythms. You may have noticed that you have natural highs and lows throughout the day. Thinking about your own 90-minute cycle and how it may relate to yourself and learning, how would you prepare yourself for taking a big test in your course/class at the end of the day? If you need more information, consider reviewing the Circadian Rhythms Fact Sheet from the National Institutes of Health or the open-access Journal of Circadian Rhythms.   Willis, J., & Mitchell, G. (2014). The neuroscience of learning: Principles and applications for educators. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education.   o    Chapter 1:  section 1.4 Structures and Functions of the Brain       https://www.nigms.nih.gov/education/Pages/Factsheet_CircadianRhythms.aspx   http://www.jcircadianrhythms.com/      

The Diencephalon: Taking Care of the Body’s Business

The diencephalon is located directly above the midbrain. Information from the midbrain must pass through the diencephalon in order toreach the higher parts of the forebrain. While the lobes of the brain play a critical role in such aspects of our lives as voluntary control,thinking, perception, and memory storage, the diencephalon is a processing center for things that go on without our conscious awareness orvolition. The structures in the diencephalon take care of business that supports the body without our conscious supervision.

The diencephalon is composed of two components, the hypothalamus and the thalamus. The hypothalamus is a control center that is incharge of maintaining the overall metabolic state of the body. To do this, the hypothalamus maintains body temperature, signals for therelease of hormones from the pituitary gland, activates hunger and thirst responses, and maintains the biological clock—our circadianrhythm. Acircadian rhythm controls ourcircadian cycle, which is a change in biological and behavioral functioning over a 24-hour period. Forexample, we have different levels of alertness throughout the day. Typically, levels of alertness increase until about midday, and then decrease.After a period of rest, alertness levels increase again until evening and then begin to drop again. Ourcircadian rhythm responds to externalcues such as the setting and rising of the sun or changes in the seasons.

The sensory processing component of the diencephalon, the thalamus, receives all sensory information before it goes to the specific lobe ofthe brain where it is analyzed. In the case of smell this process is a little different. When sensory information comes in from the nose, it is firstprocessed by the primary olfactory cortex in the base of the temporal lobe. Next, it is passed to the thalamus, which relays the information tothe orbitofrontal cortex (located in the frontal lobe) for further processing of smell information. In other senses, the information would passthrough the thalamus en route to the primary cortical area. It should be noted that sensory pathways in the brain also project to otherstructures. For example, there is a branch of the

Section 1.4 of the textbook describes circadian rhythms. You may have noticed that you have natural highs and lows throughout the day. Thinking about your own 90-minute cycle and how it may relate to yourself and learning, how would you prepare yourself for taking a big test in your course/class at the end of the day? If you need more information, consider reviewing the Circadian Rhythms Fact Sheet from the National Institutes of Health or the open-access Journal of Circadian Rhythms.

 

Willis, J., & Mitchell, G. (2014). The neuroscience of learning: Principles and applications for educators. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education.

 

o    Chapter 1:  section 1.4 Structures and Functions of the Brain

 

 

 

https://www.nigms.nih.gov/education/Pages/Factsheet_CircadianRhythms.aspx

 

http://www.jcircadianrhythms.com/

 

 

 

The Diencephalon: Taking Care of the Body’s Business

The diencephalon is located directly above the midbrain. Information from the midbrain must pass through the diencephalon in order toreach the higher parts of the forebrain. While the lobes of the brain play a critical role in such aspects of our lives as voluntary control,thinking, perception, and memory storage, the diencephalon is a processing center for things that go on without our conscious awareness orvolition. The structures in the diencephalon take care of business that supports the body without our conscious supervision.

The diencephalon is composed of two components, the hypothalamus and the thalamus. The hypothalamus is a control center that is incharge of maintaining the overall metabolic state of the body. To do this, the hypothalamus maintains body temperature, signals for therelease of hormones from the pituitary gland, activates hunger and thirst responses, and maintains the biological clock—our circadianrhythm. Acircadian rhythm controls ourcircadian cycle, which is a change in biological and behavioral functioning over a 24-hour period. Forexample, we have different levels of alertness throughout the day. Typically, levels of alertness increase until about midday, and then decrease.After a period of rest, alertness levels increase again until evening and then begin to drop again. Ourcircadian rhythm responds to externalcues such as the setting and rising of the sun or changes in the seasons.

The sensory processing component of the diencephalon, the thalamus, receives all sensory information before it goes to the specific lobe ofthe brain where it is analyzed. In the case of smell this process is a little different. When sensory information comes in from the nose, it is firstprocessed by the primary olfactory cortex in the base of the temporal lobe. Next, it is passed to the thalamus, which relays the information tothe orbitofrontal cortex (located in the frontal lobe) for further processing of smell information. In other senses, the information would passthrough the thalamus en route to the primary cortical area. It should be noted that sensory pathways in the brain also project to otherstructures. For example, there is a branch of the


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