Use the college library to research a minimum of three articles that address standardized tests and reading assessments.
In an essay of 1,250-1,500 words, analyze the pros and cons of standardized tests as tools for obtaining information about children’s literacy strengths and needs that can guide instruction.
In addition, describe how you might introduce and explain portfolios to students at the 4th or 5th grade level, and how they can be used as guides to instruction and as informal or summative assessments. Incorporate responses to these questions:
1. What items might be included and why?
2. How are portfolios maintained and evaluated by the student as well as by the teacher?
3. How can portfolios be used as summative and formative assessments?
Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines. An abstract is not required.