role as nurses is to provide care and preserve the life of our patients
Our role as nurses is to provide care and preserve the life of our patients.Part of our responsibility is to administer the medications with utmost knowledge on these drugs and with competent skills to continuously monitor patient responses. Medication errors are considered one of the common fatal mistakes affecting patient care. These mistakes adversely affect death rates, hospital stay duration, and health-related expenses (Cheragi, Manoocheri, Mohammadnejad & Ehsani, 2013). In this journal, the authors highlighted that it is our top priority as healthcare workers to ensure that our patients get safe and quality care. And medication error is not an uncommon concern that hinders the provision of safe patient care.
In the article chosen, it discusses medication errors in the context of pediatric care. It is widely known that this age group is very vulnerable and highly at risk for adverse reactions when it comes to inappropriate medication administration due to their physiological makeup. In this study, the viewpoints of pediatric nurses are gathered and analyzed with regard the reasons, reporting and prevention of medication errors.
According to Keiffer, Marcum, Harrison, Teske and Simsic (2015), medication error is “an error that occurs with the prescribing, transcribing, dispensing, administering, adherence, or monitoring of a drug regardless of whether it results in patient harm or has the potential to result in patient harm”.Meanwhile, Toruner and Uysal (2012) in this study quoted the American Academy of Pediatrics in their definition of medication error and described it as ignoring any possible threat or risk which is avoidable during the course from requesting the medicines to monitoring the patients.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The setting of the study was done in Turkey, specifically in inpatient pediatric wards of four hospitals. The target population consisted of 165 nurses working on any shift in pediatric wards. Of these, 124 agreed to participate in the study.
Although plenty of research studies have been conducted in relation to medication errors, only a few studies have dealt on this issue from the stand point of pediatric nurses. In the study ofStratton, Bleggen, Pepper, and Vaughn (2004), medication errors were higher in the pediatric as compared to the adult units. This was also cited in this article and probably one contributing factor that led the researchers to do their study in this specialty. As claimed by the researchers, this study was actually the first study in Turkey that examined medication errors in the context of pediatric nurses. The purpose of this research was to look at the causes of these errors from the outlook of nurses working in the pediatric departments, the elements involving poor error notification and the nurses’ recommendations to prevent these mistakes.The authors aim that the results of the study will pave the way to developing guidelines and protocols to prevent such errors.Through this, healthcare professionals will be able to ensure child safety and enhance the quality of care given.