History of family origin of both parents
*Example: Are there any distinct developmental characteristics with the culture of the patient and family, such as bone density, fat folds, circumcision beliefs, culturally acceptable age for toilet training, duration of breastfeeding, introducing table foods, gender differences, discipline -all within this ethnicity
Characteristics of Home
Characteristics of neighborhood & community
Family’s geographical mobility
Family’s association with community
Social Life and Networks:
Daily routines of the family? Important life cycles to this family such as marriage, family, birth, discipline, death?
How are educational systems organized? How do they receive and accept input from the community? What are the social problems experienced by this family’s thnicity alone or within the community?
Are there special concerns with this ethnic group/family regarding abuse, alcoholism, gangs, polygamy, domestic violence, and/or drug use.
Are new groups accepted or isolated? Who are seen as the family leaders?
Are there centers that have outreach programs for this family/ethnic group within the community? What activities or opportunities are available to this family. (Example: GED courses, 2nd language courses, work training)
How does the social environment contribute to sense of belonging? Do all members of the family have the same religious affiliation? What are the ways of the religion?
What is the family’s social interaction pattern? Does everyone in the family speak the same language?
Are their ethnic grocery stores, restaurants, churches within in the community?
What foods does this family/ethnicity commonly eat? What foods do they avoid?
Where are is the family of this ethnicity located in the larger community?
Language and Traditions:
Are there different languages spoken within the family?
What is the literacy level of members of the family? Can they read and write, in any language?
Does the patient need an interpreter?
Does healthcare in their community provide educational materials in diverse languages?
In what ways do major cultural traditions of history, art, etc…influence the cultural identity of this family?
How are holidays, ethnic traditions, and special celebrations embraced within this ethnic family?