According to the American Petroleum Institute (API), hydraulic fracturing (fracking) and horizontal drilling are unlocking vast U.S. reserves of oil and natural gas found in shale and other tight-rock formations. This fracking technology for the United States means security, economic growth, and jobs. Critics, however, are against fracking, pointing out environmental impacts such as groundwater pollution and putting people at risk of serious illnesses. What are your thoughts on this controversy?
Minimum 200 words with cited references.