The Accident Causation Models

Directions: Read the questions below and provide a thorough response in your own words using proper APA guidelines for formatting and citations. Your answer to each question should be at least one page in length. Please provide examples from the textbook, if applicable. 1. In this module, you recognized the process of dealing with unsavory situations and images of subjects who make use of an ego-protection system designed to protect those images if they come under attack. Explain how you would handle these types of situations in order to achieve a successful outcome. 2. All defense mechanisms have qualities in common that involve the use of deception and the eleven different forms of ego-defense mechanisms. List and explain these forms of ego-defense. 3. The stress-response states are merely the “disguise of reality”. Describe how an interviewer recognizes the stress-response states and how to shatter the “disguise of reality” that they produce. 4. Compare and contrast several types of crimes and the criminals associated with them. Explain the proper approach and methods of interrogation that are required in each case.
August 26, 2020
What words or phrases come to mind when you think of the term Cold War? Did you ever study the Cold War in school? If so, what are some aspects of the Cold War that you remember? Who were the parties involved in the Cold War? Can you name any key events that are associated with the Cold War?
August 26, 2020

The Accident Causation Models

The need for studying the accident causation has been recognized as an important aspect of scrutinizing the safety of work environment within an organization and as a means of effecting prevention. Over the years, the researchers have developed a plethora of theories that attempt to draw a relationship between the occurrence of accidents, factors contributing to the outcomes and the implication of the accidents to the organizations (Safety Institute of Australia Ltd., 2012). The accident is termed as any unplanned event that occurs and ultimately leads to damage to the property or injury to the people. Starting with the historical context, the results of the studies have revealed that for accidents to occur there exist a series of events that work concurrently, which are attributable to unsafe acts and latent hazard conditions. This paper seeks to explore a background review of three accident causation models as they were developed and provide a comparison of these theories by the approaches employed and methodologies. The paper will conclude with a comprehensive evaluation of the interrelations between three theories and how they impact the organizations.   The Domino Effect Model The theory of Domino Effect was developed in 1931 by Heinrich and has become one of the popular accident causation theories. The domino effect theory states that most of the accidents are caused by people’s unsafe activities by 88%, the hazardous conditions contribute 10% while uncontrollable circumstances that he attributed to acts of God are 2% (Safety Institute of Australia Ltd., 2012). Typically, the Heinrich model proposes that one single event leads to another in a long chain that ends in an accident. When developing this theory, Heinrich claimed that an organization can be able to predict and thus prevent accidents by understanding the reasons for the unsafe acts....  

The need for studying the accident causation has been recognized as an important aspect of scrutinizing the safety of work environment within an organization and as a means of effecting prevention. Over the years, the researchers have developed a plethora of theories that attempt to draw a relationship between the occurrence of accidents, factors contributing to the outcomes and the implication of the accidents to the organizations (Safety Institute of Australia Ltd., 2012). The accident is termed as any unplanned event that occurs and ultimately leads to damage to the property or injury to the people. Starting with the historical context, the results of the studies have revealed that for accidents to occur there exist a series of events that work concurrently, which are attributable to unsafe acts and latent hazard conditions. This paper seeks to explore a background review of three accident causation models as they were developed and provide a comparison of these theories by the approaches employed and methodologies. The paper will conclude with a comprehensive evaluation of the interrelations between three theories and how they impact the organizations.

 

The Domino Effect Model

The theory of Domino Effect was developed in 1931 by Heinrich and has become one of the popular accident causation theories. The domino effect theory states that most of the accidents are caused by people’s unsafe activities by 88%, the hazardous conditions contribute 10% while uncontrollable circumstances that he attributed to acts of God are 2% (Safety Institute of Australia Ltd., 2012). Typically, the Heinrich model proposes that one single event leads to another in a long chain that ends in an accident. When developing this theory, Heinrich claimed that an organization can be able to predict and thus prevent accidents by understanding the reasons for the unsafe acts….

 


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